Forensic experts of Criminalistics Laboratory of Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise met with the correspondent of the newspaper “Segodnya” and talked about the features of the technical study of documents, as well as Ukrainian and foreign banknotes.
Viktor Kostetskyi, Head of the Criminalistics Laboratory of Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise noted the following: “The laboratory has many areas of its activity. This is a questioned document examination, handwriting examination, trasology, there is a department of trasological, ballistic and weapons research and it includes experts in explosives. There is a linguistic expertise unit (oral and written), phonoscopic and computer-technical studies are conducted as well. It is worth noting that only one unit involved in the study of materials, substances and products itself has 15 directions!”
Viktoriia Kulykovska, the Head of the department of questioned document examination, in a conversation with the correspondent, explained that technical examination of documents is a study of the requisites of documents, that is, all that we see on paper, fabric, plastic, and so on.
“Experts talk about the compliance of research objects to established standards, samples. If we talk about documents and signatures on them, we can compare the pen with which they were written, and the dye, and prescription, that is, establishes what was written earlier: text or signature? We examine the printed documents on which they are made by the printer; there was an overprint and similar questions. It’s not a secret that, it happens, people leave signed forms to others, and they do not use them as the owner of the signature would like ... ”, said Victoriia Kulykovska, expert of Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise.
The expert advised readers not to buy currency at the underpasses, but to seek exchange services in banks. After all, you can get such a fake that even the cashier himself does not know about the fake.
A lot of fakes are now carried out on plastic cards. The Department’s experts are investigating very good quality falsification of technical passports on the cars. Serhii Naumenko, the expert of the Department noted the following: “We conducted a study of hundreds of fake driver’s licenses and vehicle registration certificates (technical passports), so we can assume that there are thousands and tens of thousands in circulation! And the quality of fakes is growing as well. Original holographic films, original or well-fake forms are used”. Serhii Naumenko notes and warns that everyone who buys used cars or even in car dealership should be especially careful.
“Only specialists know the details how to distinguish a fake. In everyday life, among simple signs, one can check the data sheet for the map of Ukraine. It will be golden or green, depending on the angle of view. This is a special paint applied. The usual fakes do not have such features. To say it again, only experts will be able to identify the fake”, said Serhii Naumenko, the expert of Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise.
Київський науково-дослідний інститут судових експертиз
Директор: Рувін Олександр Григорович
Поштова адреса: 03057, м. Київ, вул. Смоленська, 6
Kyiv Research Institute of Forensic Expertise
Director: Ruvin Oleksandr
Mailling address: 03057, City of Kyiv Smolenska Street, 6